Civil Engineers

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Researched by Samuel L.

    • Why I Chose This Topic
    • Dedication
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    • Thanks for Helping

Research Summary

A civil engineer is specially trained to design structures. The responsibilities of a civil engineer are to help build and also design strong, safe structures that people can use. They conduct tests to make sure structures are safe. The yearly earnings of a civil engineer are from $40,000 to $80,000. The average is about $50,000. The work schedule is Monday-Friday. Sometimes they will have to work on weekends. Civil engineers will work wherever they are needed.

 The future of civil engineering is probably going to be good, because society will need more civil engineers, and more projects will be built. There will probably be a lot of new major projects going on. It could be bad because the government might cut back on funding and there won’t be enough work for civil engineers.    

 Throughout history engineers built a lot of big projects and landmarks.  Engineering has been around longer than five thousand years. When civil engineering started, teachers helped train them.  

The personal skills required are self-discipline and safety consciousness. They have to get along with other people, and work well under pressure. They need an eye for detail, good listening skills, and good English skills.

The physical requirements are to be fit, healthy, and have good hand-eye coordination.

The education required is mostly gathered in high school and college. If you don’t get at least a Bachelors degree in college you can’t be a civil engineer.   

The tools civil engineers use are computers, cameras, building, and materials measuring devices, and other things like that. Their most helpful tools are computers. They are helpful because in the old times people would write everything they needed to remember on pieces of paper. The other important tool is their own brain.

Civil engineers don’t do everything by themselves though. They often work with architects and other types of engineers. They take the architect’s designs for a building with elevators and other details and try to build it. If architectural designs are not safe, civil engineers are supposed to discover and fix the problems. Other engineers help by working in specific areas that are their specialties and the basic work of their job. Civil engineers will also manage building sites if they need to.

There are many types of engineers. Specialties include nuclear, transportation, electric, mechanical, hydraulic, geotechnical, environmental, and construction.

Who I Interviewed and What I Learned

In the afternoon on 12-14-05, I interviewed Charles. Charles is a civil engineer. I interviewed him because I thought it would be a good idea. I wondered what the future might be like; the future for civil engineering could be good or bad depending on economy and the government. The problems in the field might be there are not enough civil engineers.  Civil engineers have a lot of major projects going on. I learned that there is more than one type of civil engineer. I asked Charles what are the basic earnings of a typical engineer. The basic earnings are around $50,000. I learned civil engineers use a lot of tools like computers and calculators. Another thing I learned is that architects are different because architects primarily focus on the look of a structure

On the same day I interviewed Eduardo Lopez about civil engineering. I learned civil engineering used to be called military engineering. There have been a lot of important people in the history of civil engineering. I also learned that Romans were the first to build sewage systems for their cities.

I also interviewed Wendy Christianson on the same day. She told me in college you need a 4 year degree to be a civil engineer.


Christianson, Wendy. Personal interview. December 14, 2005.
“Civil Engineers.” Carrier Encyclopedia. 2000. pp.66.

“Civil Engineers.” Labor Market Information. December 2005 <www.civil>

Cosgrove, Holly. “Civil Engineers” Career Discovery Encyclopedia.  Ferguson, 2000. pp. 2.

Joel, David. Careers in Focus. Ferguson Publishing, 2003. pp. 38-46.

Lopez, Eduardo. Personal interview. December 14, 2005.

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